Leafy vegetables in Southwest Nigeria (Common and botanical names)

Here is a more comprehensive list of leafy vegetables that are commonly grown and consumed in Southwest Nigeria:

  1. Yoruba name: Ugu

Scientific name: Telfairia occidentalis

English/common name: (Pumpkin leaves)

  1. Yoruba name: Efo Tete, Ibadan people often call it Efo green

Scientific name: Amaranthus hybridus, Amaranthus cruentus (pink color)

English/common name: Green amaranth

  1. Yoruba Name: Tete abalaye               

Scientific name: Amaranthus viridis L.

English/common name: Green amaranth

  1. Yoruba Name: Dagunro                     

Scientific name: Amaranthus spinosus L.

English/common name: Amaranth

  1. Yoruba Name: Ewedu                                    

Scientific name: Corchorus olitorius

English/common name: Jute leaves

  1. Yoruba Name: Soko               

Scientific name: Celosia argentea      

English/common name: Lagos Spinach or Nigerian Spinach

  1. Yoruba Name: Gbure

Scientific name: Talinum triangulare

      English/common name: Waterleaf

  1. Yoruba Name: Efo Yanrin     

Scientific name: Chenopodium album

English/common name: Wild spinach or Wild Lettuce

  1. Yoruba Name: Efo Igba or Igbagba

Scientific name: Solanum macrocarpum

English/common name: eggplant

  1. Yoruba Name: Efo Ewuro

Scientific name: Vernonia amygdalina

English/common name: Bitter leaf

  1. Yoruba Name: Efo Odu

Scientific name: Solanum nigrum

English/common name: Black nightshade

  1. Yoruba Name: Efo Amunututu

Scientific name: Basella alba

English/common name: African spinach

  1. Yoruba Name: Efo iyana ipaja/ efo Jerusalem

Scientific name: Cnidoscolus aconitifoli

English/common name: tree spinach

  1. Yoruba Name: Efo Ebolo

Scientific name: Crassocephalum crepidioides

English/common name: Fireweed

  1. Yoruba Name: Efo Elegede   

Scientific name: Cucurbita pepo (Common among Akure indigene).

English/common name: Pumpkin

  1. Yoruba Name: Efinrin

Scientific name: Ocimum gratissimum

English/common name: scent leaf, African basil

  1. Yoruba Name: Efinrin

Scientific name: Ocimum basilicum

English/common name: Also called scent leaf but the leaf size is smaller, Sweet basil

These leafy vegetables are often used in a variety of soups, stews, and sauces in Southwest Nigeria, and are an important part of the local cuisine. They are also a good source of vitamins and minerals and are believed to have various health benefits.

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