Procedure on how to establish your own palm oil tree plantation

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The first thing to do is to get a Suitable Land. Although, virtually all lands in Nigeria is suitable for palm tree survival and optimum yield production (especially East and West).

You need to get a good quantity of land in acres in a good and trouble free location.

Why the word “trouble free location”? well, I’m saying this from what I’m currently facing on one of our newly acquired land in Ondo state. The problem of authentic land owner, may affect your activities on farm. In fact, it may even discourage you from visiting your farm. So ensure you do proper consultation and investigation before paying for any land. Also, ensure necessary document are signed and collected.

The land location must be motorable; at least tractors and Lorries should be able to get in there.

However, if you are not sure of the quality of the soil, whether it is suitable for palm tree plantation or not, we can also help you carry out an initial soil test on the land. We will analyze and make recommendation. Aside from this, we will also give you additional information as regard the project and the merits.

After land acquisition, I strongly recommend that you use Tractor (plough) on the soil to pulverize and level packed or encrusted soils. Remove hard roots in preparation for palm seedlings, making the soil well suited for planting.

Note: it is always advisable that you should get the palm nursery ready before preparing the land.

Although, you have two options, it is either to raise your own seeds or buy already germinated seedlings.

Where would I buy a sprouted seed or germinated seedlings? Note, these two terms are different. But you can get both from NIFOR. We supply both the sprouted seed and germinated seedlings as well. You can click on “How to Germinate Your Own Oil Palm Seeds” to read details on how to raise your own oil palm seeds.

It is advisable to plant your palm during the rainy season when it will have enough water in the soil for sustaining the young palm. Plant with proper spacing (9m by 9m in a triangular manner), taking into cognizance grown period when the palm frond will be spread all over the place.

The first weeding and fertilizer application should be carried out after 3 months or as soon as the plant recover fully from transplanting shock. NPK Fertilizer should be applied to each palm tree using a ring method of fertilizer application.

Second weeding can also be carried out 3 months later or as at time due. You don’t need a manual or especial training before you know when to start weeding your farm. That was the reason why I said “weed when due”

However, having done your part of setting up your oil palm plantation in Nigeria, the next is to maintain it and wait for your yield. Palm tree starts yielding fruits just two years after planting. From that moment onwards, you will be harvesting cash all year round for generations.

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